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Professor Gil Garnier

Professor Gil Garnier

Professor Gil Garnier works in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Monash University and is the Director of the Australian Pulp and Paper Institute (APPI).

Professor Gil Garnier works in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Monash University and is the Director of the Australian Pulp and Paper Institute (APPI). His current research interests are focused on the application of colloids and polymers to surfaces, adhesion, composites, and the process of paper making. At APPI he is head of a multidisciplinary team which uses nanotechnology for surface engineering, bioprinting and the development of novel specialty papers.

Development of these applications will have a profound impact on the health of society and on the environment. For instance, bioprinting can make testing for diabetes-2 more accessible, cheaper and environment friendly by eliminating the use of plastics and materials in novel once-only applications. In the environment, use of bioprinting allows for the effective testing for toxins in water to establish its purity.

Professor Garnier and Dr Wei Shen are also investigating the printing of living cells. A proof of their success is the recent ‘black and white’ picture of the Monash Surface Engineering team printed on paper with a single protein. This accomplishment confirms the practicality of printing functional fluid as a novel manufacturing process. Printing for producing flexible and inexpensive solar panel is the next challenge.

The success of the group lies in multidisciplinary collaborations with experts in the fields of surface and material science, printing, biochemistry and biomaterials. Professor Garnier works closely with his colleague Dr Wei Shen, from Monash’s Chemical Engineering Department, with Dr George Thouas from Biological Engineering, and Dr John Forsythe in the Department of Materials Engineering and in the Cooperative Research Centre for Polymers.

There are wider applications in water treatment, food technology, tissue engineering and pharmacology that the Surface Engineering Research group is conducting. In his broader research, Professor Garnier is investigating the properties of paper with ceramic fibres (catalytic paper) by using nanomaterials in the adsorption process of carbon dioxide. In this project he is collaborating with Professor Paul Webley in the Department of Chemical Engineering.

Professor Garnier and Dr Warren Batchelor (Chemical Engineering Monash) are developing a paper to act as a field membrane, capable of retaining moisture in the soil, to increase crop yields.

Associate Professor Mibel Aguilar and Professor Garnier are conducting research into the grafting of proteins.

Dr Andrew Hoadley (Chemical Engineering), Professor Alan Chafee (Chemistry), Associate Professor Ana Deletic and Dr Tim Fletcher (Civil Engineering) provide complementary expertise for novel treatments of industrial process water.

Selected Publications

Khan, M.S., Fon, D., Li, X., Forsythe, J., Thouas, G., Garnier, G. and Shen, W. “ Printing biomolecules part1: Achieving total control of Biomolecules delivery using ink-jet printing”, Chemeca, New Castle, October 2008.

Murray, G., Stack, K., McLean, D., Shen, W. and Garnier, G. “Mechanism of Pitch Adsorption on Carboxy Methyl Dextran Surfaces” Appita Journal (in press 2008).

Murray, G., Stack, K., McLean, D., Shen, W. and Garnier, G. “Dynamics of pitch colloid adsorption at the solid-liquid interface by surface plasmon resonance”, submitted to Colloids and Surfaces, A (July 2008).

Khan, M.S., Kannangara, D., Shen, W. and Garnier, G.,” Isothermal non-coalescence of liquid droplets at the air-liquid interface”, Langmuir, 24 (7), pp. 3199-3204 (2008).

Cho, B.U., Garnier, G., Van de Ven, T.G.M. and Perrier, M. “A bridging model for the effects of a dual component flocculation system on the strength of fiber contacts in flocs of pulp fibers: Implications for control of paper uniformity”, Colloid and Surfaces A, 287 (1-3) pp. 117-125 (2006).

Van de Ven, T.G.M., Vanerek, A. and Garnier, G. “ Filling wet paper with the use of a secondary headbox”, Ind.  Eng. Chem. Res., 43 (9), pp. 2280-2286 (2004).

Shirazi,M., Esmail, N., Garnier, G. and Van de Ven, T.G.M. Starch Penetration into Paper in a Size Press. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 25 (4), 457-468 (2004).

Pigeon, C., Garnier, G. and Van de Ven, T.G.M. “The Performance of a PEO-Cofactor-Bentonite Retention and Drainage Aid System on a Laboratory Twin-Wire Sheet Former”, J. Pulp Paper Sci. 30 (4), 112-116, (2004).

Shirazi, M., van de Ven, T.G.M. and Garnier, G. “Adsorption of Modified Starches on Pulp Fibers”, Langmuir, 19 (26), 10835-10842 (2003).

Shirazi, M., Garnier, G. and Van de Ven, T.G.M. “Adsorption of Modified Starches on Porous Glass”, Langmuir, 19 (26), 10829-10834 (2003).

Modaressi, H. and Garnier, G. “Mechanism of Wetting and Absorption of Water Droplets on Sized Paper: Effects of Chemical and Physical Heterogeneity”, Langmuir, 18 (3), pp. 642-649 (2002).

Saint-Cyr, K., Van de Ven, T.G.M. and Garnier G. “Adsorption of Yellowing Inhibitors on Mechanical Pulp” J. Pulp Paper Sci., 28 (3), pp. 78-84 (2002).

13.  Yu, L. and Garnier, G. “The role of vapors during internal sizing: a comparative study between AKD and ASA”, J. Pulp Paper Sci., 28 (10), pp. 327-331 (2002).

Cho, B.-U., Garnier, G., Paradis, J. and Perrier, J. “The Process Dynamics of Filler Retention in Paper using a CPAM/bentonite retention aid system”. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 79 (6), pp. 923-930 (2001).

Van de Ven, T.G.M., Sauve, C.P. and Garnier, G. “Deinking of Recycled Fibers in a Flotation Flow Loop”. Colloids and Surfaces, A., 192 (1-3), pp. 53-60 (2001).

Asselman, T. and Garnier G. “Polymer transfer during fines detachment: mechanism and implications” J. Pulp Paper Sci., 27 (2), pp.60-65 (2001).

Asselman, T. and Garnier, G. “The flocculation mechanism of micro-particulate retention systems”.J. Pulp Paper Sci., 27 (8), pp.273-278 (2001).

Cho, B.-U., Garnier, G., Paradis, J. and Perrier, M., Filler Retention with a CPAM/Bentonite RetentionSystem, Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 16 (3) pp.188-194 (2001).

Asselman, T., Alince, B., Garnier, G. and Van de Ven, T.G.M. Mechanism of Polyacrylamide-Bentonite Microparticulate Retention Aids, Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 15 (5) pp. 515-519 (2000).

Garnier, G., Duskova-Smrckova, M., R.Vyhnalkova, Van de Ven, T.G.M. and Revol, J.-F.   Association in Solution and Adsorption at an Air-Water Interface of Alternating Copolymers of Maleic anhydride and Styrene. Langmuir, 16(8) pp. 3757-3763 (2000).

Asselman, T., and G. Garnier, The mechanism of polyelectrolyte transfer during co-flocculation. Langmuir, 16 (11), 4871-4876 (2000).

Asselman, T., and Garnier, G. Adsorption of Model Wood Polymers and Colloids on Bentonites. Colloids and Surfaces, A, 168, pp. 175-182 (2000)

Asselman, T., and Garnier, G. Dynamics of polymer-induced co-flocculation of wood fibres and fines. Colloids and Surfaces, A ,174 (3), pp.297-306 (2000).

Asselman, T., and Garnier, G. The role of anionic micro-particles in a poly(acrylamide)-montmorillonite flocculation aid system. Colloids and Surfaces, A, 170 (1), pp.79-90 (2000).

Garnier G. and L. Godbout Wetting behavior of alkyl ketene dimer on cellulos and model surfaces, J. Pulp Paper Sci., 26 (5), pp. 194-199 (2000)

Cho, B.-U., and Garnier, G.  Effect of the Paper Composition and Structure on the Surface Sizing Pick-up. Tappi Journal 83 (12), pp. 60- (2000).

Hammock, C., and Garnier, G. The laboratory Twin-Former, Part 1: Design and Performance. Tappi Journal, 83(10), 61 (2000).

Garnier, G., and L. Yu Wetting Mechanism of a Starch Stabilized Alkyl Ketene Dimer Emulsion: A Study by Atomic Force Microscopy. J. Pulp Paper Sci., 25 (7) pp.235-250 (July 1999).

Garnier, G., M. Bertin, and M. Smrkova, Wetting Dynamics of Alkyl Ketene Dimers on Model Surfaces. Langmuir, 15 (22), pp. 7863-7869 (1999).

Smrckova, M., Vyhnalkova, R. and Garnier, G. Association of Alternating poly(styrene-maleic acid) in aqueous solution and adsorption at an air-liquid interface. Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering 80, pp. 337-338 (1999).

Carignan, A., Garnier, G. and Van de Ven, T.G.M. The Flocculation of Fines by PEO/Cofactor Retention Aid Systems. J. Pulp Paper Sci., 26(3), 94-99 (1998).

Garnier, G., J. Wright, L. Godbout and L. Yu, Wetting Mechanisms of Alkyl Ketene Dimers (AKD) on Cellulose Films, Colloids and Surfaces A, 145, 153-165 (1998).

Fernandes, C., and Garnier, G. Retention of Fatty Acid Soaps during Recycling, Part I. A Study using Packed Beds of Pulp Fibers. J. Pulp Paper Sci., 23(4), J144-152 (1997).

Yu, L., and Garnier, G. Mechanism of Internal Sizing with Alkyl Ketene Dimers: The Role of Vapour Deposition.Fundamentals of Papermaking Materials, Transactions of the 11th Fundamental Research Symposium in the Oxford and Cambridge Series, Vol. 2, pp 1021-1046 (Sept. 1997).


US 2006144536 A1. Soft and durable tissues made from thermoplastic polymers complexes, Nickel, D.,J., Runge, T. M., Garnier G.B.D., and Dyer, T.J. (2006).

US 2006137842 A1. Soft and durable tissue products containing a softening agent, wipes and other absorbent articles and manufacturing of softened products., Garnier, G.B.D., Lostocco, M.R., Runge, T.M., Schultz, T., (2006).

US 2005/137542 A1. Live graphics on absorbent articles using electrochromic display, Underhill, R., Dan, J., Chen, F.L., Garnier, G. (2005).

US 6,824,650 and WO 2003052206 A1. Fibrous Materials Treated with Polyvinylamine Polymer, Lindsay, J., Shannon, T.G., Goulet, M., Runge, T., Branham, K., Flugge, L., Foster, J., Lang, F., Sun, T. and Garnier, G., filed Dec 18 2001, November 30, 2004 .

US 6,861,380, “Tissue product having reduced lint and slough" Garnier, G., and Hu, S.H., March 1, 2005.

US 6,887,350, “Tissue Products Having Enhanced Strength”, Garnier, G., Tirimacco, M., Behm, R. and Hu, S.H., May 3 2005.

US 2004/0118533 A1 and WO 2004061232A1. Process for bonding chemical additives on to substrates containing cellulosic materials and products thereof, Shannon, T.G., Garnier, G.B.D., Negri, A., Goulet, filed December 23 2003, published June 24 2004.

US 2004/0118540 A1 and WO 2004061235A1. Bicomponent strengthening system for paper. Garnier, G., Lindsay, J.D., Shannon, T.G., Lostocco, M., Hansen, L., Branham, K., Siderius, D., filed December 20 2002, published June 24 2004.